1. Queries of Muhammad bin Abdullah bin Ja’far
bin Abdullah bin Ja’far wrote some questions regarding religious law in
a letter to His Eminence, the Awaited Imam. The letter was as follows:
In the Name of Allah, the Beneficent the Merciful.
Allah always keep you safe, happy and honorable. And may He perfect the
favor of His blessings upon you. May He sacrifice me upon you before
any evil befalls you. People compete with each other for scaling the
heights of status but in my view whomsoever you accept has achieved true
status. And whomsoever you reject is the one who is drowned and fallen.
The deprived is the one who has been spurned away from your court. I
seek the refuge of Allah from such a condition.
There is a group
of Shias in our city having the same social status. And by way of
position and grades they are more proximate to each other. A letter that
you wrote to a group of them commanding them to help “Suad”, but a
person named Ali bin Muhammad Husain bin Malik, famous as Malik Baduke,
who is also son-in-law of “Saud”, no letter was taken among them.
Therefore he has become aggrieved and requested me to convey it to His
Eminence. In this way a sin has been committed by him. He should be
prepared to atone for it. If there is some other reason for it, it
should be announced to him so that he is satisfied. If Allah wills.
letter proves its writer is a person from the believers and one who was
proximate to His Eminence. Therefore he was cognizant of the position
and value of the Imam (a.s). In the end he poses the following
Question 1: Scholars of the progeny
of Muhammad have narrated for us that a question was asked regarding
some people who were praying the congregation prayer behind the leader
of congregation when suddenly something happened to him and he died.
Then what should his congregation members doa He replied that some
should go ahead and some move behind and complete their prayer and those
who have touched him should perform the ritual bath.
One who has moved him aside with his hands has not to do anything
except wash his hands. And if nothing extraordinary happens to break the
Prayer, he should complete the Prayer with them.
of direction received from the Imam (a.s) is as follows: If during a
congregation prayer something happens to the congregation leader, like
sudden death, the person who moves him aside is only obliged to wash his
hands. This is so because to touch a dead body before it has cooled
does not make one needful of ritual bath. Also, among the people praying
behind the congregation leader who has suddenly collapsed, one of them
should step forward and stand in the place of the congregation leader
and others should continue to pray behind and complete their prayers. In
case, instead of sudden death the congregation leader collapses or
become unconscious etc. and then again he recovers during the prayer he
is obliged to redo the ablution and lead the congregation again in place
of one who was substituting for him previously.
It is narrated from the scholar (Imam) that if one touches a dead body
while it is still warm he is only obliged to wash his hands and if the
corpse has cooled down and one touches it after that, one is obliged to
perform the ritual bath of touching a dead body. The congregation leader
who had just died is warm or may be the person who has moved him aside
does not touch the body. He handles him from over his dress so how the
ritual bath would become obligatory on hima
Reply: If he touches him while he is still warm, it is only necessary to wash his hands.
In Prayer of Ja’far-e-Tayyar if a person forgets to recite the
Tasbihat-e-Araba in standing, or bowing or prostration and later when he
has gone ahead he remembers it. Does he have to recite the forgotten
Tasbihat-e-Araba now or he should continue his prayera
Before we mention the reply of His Eminence, the Imam (a.s) we shall describe the Prayer of Ja’far at-Tayyar:
Prayer of Ja’far at-Tayyar
of Ja’far at-Tayyar is a very much recommended ritual. It is also
called as the prayer of Tasbih and Prayer of Habwa. Shia and Sunni both
have recorded numerous traditions in recommendation of Prayer of Ja’far
Tayyar. The method of this prayer is as follows:
It is a four
unit Prayer, divided into two parts. Pray each part exactly like the
Morning Prayer, with the following adjustments:
(i) First Unit
After recitation of Suratul Faatihah, recite Suratuz Zilzaal
(ii) Second Unit
After recitation of Suratul Faatihah, recite Suratul Aadiyaat
(iii) Third Unit
After recitation of Suratul Faatihah, recite Suratun Nasr
(iv) Fourth Unit
after recitation of Suratul Faatihah, recite Suratul Ikhlaas.
(If you have not learnt by heart the second Surah of each unit, recite suratul Ikhlaas in all 4 units).
In each unit recite Tasbeehaatul Arbaa
Subhaanallaahi wal hamdu lillaahi wa laa ilaaha illallaahu wallaahu Akbar.
[Glory be to Allah, Praise be to Allah, there is no god but Allah, and Allah is Great.]
(i) After recitation of Surahs… 15 times
(ii) In Rukoo… 10 times
(iii) In Qiyaam after Rukoo… 10 times
(iv) In the First Sajdah… 10 times
(v) While sitting after First Sajdah… 10 times
(vi) In the second Sajdah… 10 times
(vii) While sitting after second Sajdah… 10 times.
There are altogether 300 Tasbeehaat-e-Arba in this prayer.
If he forgets it in one position and remembers it in another position
he should recite it then and if he forgets some of the Tasbih recitals
and is reminded later on, he should recite it then and his Prayer is
Question 4: Is it allowed for a woman whose husband dies to accompany the funeral processiona
Reply: It is allowed for a woman to leave the house to accompany the funeral procession of her late husband.
Question 5: Can the woman visit the grave of her deceased husband while she is in the Iddaha
Answer: She is allowed to visit the grave of her deceased husband.
Iddah of the woman whose husband has passed away consists of giving up
embellishments she used to have previously. And it does not become a
cause to prevent her from visiting her husband’s grave. Or those things
that are a necessary part of her life and she is in need of them, she
cannot forgo them. And its further explanation has come in the
statements of Imam (a.s).
Question 6: Can a woman during Iddah period leave her house for necessary errandsa
Reply: If it is necessary to do that job by going out of the house, she can do so but she must spend the night in her house.
It is narrated from scholars regarding the reward of Quran in its
necessary and non-necessary aspects that he said: It is astonishing that
a person who does not recite Surah Qadr in his prayer, how his Prayer
It is narrated that: A prayer in which “Qul huwallaho Ahad” is not recited does not scale heights of honor.
is narrated that: One who recites Surah Humazah in his prayers, he
would get the reward equal to the whole world. Then is it allowed for
one to recite Surah Humazah and omit other Surahs that we mentioned,
while it is narrated that Prayer is not accepted without thema And the
purity and loftiness of the Prayer is due to those Surahsa
Reply: Imam (a.s) replies to the three questions as follows:
rewards of the Surahs is on the same basis as narrated. If one leaves
the Surah that is eligible for rewards and instead recites “Surah Qul
huwalho Ahad or Surah Inna Anzalna” for their merits he would get the
rewards of the Surahs he has recited as well as the rewards of the
Surahs he has left. Although it is also allowed to recite a Surah other
than these and his Prayer is correct but that he has omitted a
Question 8: When is the
supplication of the Farewell to month of Ramadan reciteda Because people
have different views regarding it. Some say that it should be recited
on the last night of the month of Ramadan while others say that it
should be recited on the last day of the month of Ramadan at the time of
viewing the new moon of Shawwal.
ritual is for the last of the nights of the month of Ramadan and in the
last night of the month of Ramadan. Therefore if one fears that the
month will be reduced by a day, he should recite the supplication on
last two nights.
2. Others Queries of Muhammad bin Abdullah
Muhammad bin Abdullah Himyari also sent other queries to His Eminence, the Imam (a.s) and they are as follows:
When a person is praying and after the first Tashahud getting up to
perform the third prayer, is it obligatory to recite Takbir (Allaho
Akbar) or is it sufficient just to say “Bi hawlillah wa quwwatihu Aqoomo
wa Aqud.” (By the strength and power of Allah I stand up and I sit)a
There are two traditions regarding this matter. One says that when one
goes from one position to another one must say Takbir. Another tradition
says that: If one raises ones head from the second prostration and says
the Takbir and then sits down and then gets up and after the Qiyam,
sits down again, he does not have to say the Takbir. In the same way it
is in the first Tashahud and in every position whatever you do by way of
acceptance is correct. Takbir during standing up after the first
Tashahud and etc. is not obligatory and the person has the choice to say
it or not.
Question 2: A person purchases a
sacrificial sheep for one who is not present and takes it to slaughter
it in Mina. But at the time of slaughter he forgets the name of that
person and just slaughters it on his behalf and later he remembers the
name. Would it be considered to be on behalf of that person?
Reply: There is no doubt in it. The sacrifice would be considered on his behalf.
the basis of this narration and similar reports from the Purified Imams
(a.s) jurisprudents have issued the verdict that if a person forgets
the name of the person who has paid for a share in the sacrifice, it is
no problem. If the sacrifice is made on his behalf it is sufficient.
Among us are those Magian weavers who eat carrion and do not perform
the ritual bath of Janabat. They weave clothes for us. Is it allowed to
pray in these clothes before they are washeda
There is no problem in it. Because there is no certainty that the
Magian has touched the cloth with a wet hand. Even if there is a doubt
in it, it should be considered pure. Therefore there is no problem in
praying in these clothes.
Question 4: If a
person is praying in a dark and by mistake he puts his forehead on a
cloth or a sack and does not do the Sajdah on a Mohr (soil) and he gets
the Mohr only after he raises his head, would this prostration be
Reply: Till the time he sits down
completely after the prostration there is no problem if he picks up that
object on which prostration is correct and performs the prostration
Question 5: A person who is wearing Ihram removes the covering of the canopy but leaves the frame. Is it allowed?
Reply: There is no problem if he leaves the frame.
of the things a person in Ihram has to avoid is shade. Thus if he rides
a camel with a canopy or a bus with roof he has to pay the Kaffarah
(Penalty) of sacrificing a sheep. But if the covering of the canopy or
the bus is removed, leaving the frame and walls there is no problem in
Question 6: If a person wearing Ihram shades
himself with a sack or with something else to protect himself or his
seat from getting soaked in rain, is it allowed for him to do so?
If he does this on the way with canopy the Kaffarah is obligatory on
him. The penalty of a goat is due to the fact that the person has shaded
himself from rain and to shade oneself is an omission for a person
Question 7: Is it necessary for a
person doing Hajj as proxy, to mention the name of the one whose Hajj
he is doing at the time of Ihram? Is it obligatory that he must do
separate sacrifice for himself as well as whose Hajj he is performing?
Reply: It is not necessary to recite it in details and one sacrifice is sufficient on behalf of the one whose Hajj he is performing.
has come in the reply of Imam (a.s) that taking the name of one whose
proxy he is, is not necessary. Rather he makes an intention in his heart
about the one whose Hajj he is performing and he does not even have to
utter his name. It is sufficient. In the same way one animal on behalf
of the person is sufficient because the person doing the Hajj is not
doing for himself. He is a proxy of someone else. Therefore one
sacrifice is sufficient.
Question 8: Is it permitted for man to tie up the Ihram with a sheet of fur?
Reply: There is no problem, righteous and decent people have been Muhrim with it.
in a sheet of fur has no problem, but Ihram of soft wool of that animal
whose meat is not eaten and it is prohibited to tie Ihram with its fur
is impurity the extent of which is not condoned for a person who prays
the prayer and the stitched cloth, as the jurisprudents have mentioned,
is not allowed.
Question 9: A man goes for Hajj
with a group of opponents and they do not tie up the Ihram at Maslakh.
Whether for this man who is from the companions, is it allowed to delay
his Ihram till Zaat-e-Arq so that he becomes Muhrim with them at that
Reply: It is necessary to become Muhrim
from the Miqaat and say the Talbiyah softly and when he reaches the
Miqaat with them he should make it obvious.
One who intends to
perform Hajj or Umrah and is passing by the Miqaat he must become Muhrim
at that Miqaat and he must not pass the Miqaat without Ihram. However,
if tying the Ihram at the Miqaat frightens him due to the presence of
those who do not consider it Miqaat, he must get into Ihram but keep it
Question 10: How is wearing leather slippers, because people say that it is Makruh to wear them?
Reply: It is permissible and there is no problem.
A man is a treasurer in endowments, and he is careless. He considers as
permissible for himself the endowments, which are under his control,
and he does not abstain from them. Often when I enter his office and he
is present or I enter his house and he is present he invites me to eat
and if don’t eat at his place he would become inimical to me and say:
such and such has not considered my food lawful that is why he has not
eaten it. Now please tell me if it is allowed for me to eat with him and
then later pay Sadaqah for it. And how much Sadaqah should I paya Or
whether it is allowed for me to accept a gift that he gives to mea
If this man is having other property in addition to the endowments he
holds and has other occupations also you may eat with him and accept his
gifts. If it is not so, you must neither eat at his place nor accept
any gift from him.
If a person perfectly knows that so and so who
is offering him food, it is from unlawful wealth, he must not partake
it. But if he knows that the man possesses lawful as well as unlawful
wealth, and the food or gift he is offering could be from unlawful or
lawful money, then it is not unlawful for him.
A man is a Shia and considers Mutah and temporary marriage permissible
and also believes in the Rajat (return) and all his family members are
united. This man has made a vow that he would not take a second wife
according to them and nor would he do Mutah. And he has spent 19 years
with this vow. Now if he breaks his vow, does he become liable for a
penalty or sina
Reply: It is Mustahab
(recommended) for him to do Mutah at least once for obedience of Allah
so that the sin of the vow is removed from him.
Vow and oath
becomes valid when it is with relation to a preferable thing and not for
something inferior and unlawful. On the basis of this if the action or
leaving the action is inferior, these oath and vow shall not be valid in
it. And Mutah, as it is legal and lawful in the view of Quran, to leave
it through a vow or an oath is not allowed. But the prohibition of
Mutah is an opinion in comparison to textual command and therefore it is
of no value. Although, regarding this, we have a detailed discussion
and its lawfulness and legality has been proved on the basis of Quran
3. Other Queries
Muhammad Ibne Abdullah wrote other queries to His Eminence and asked for replies and they are as follows:
Question 1: A person who is praying in the beginning of the prayer when he recites the verse:
I have turned myself, being upright, wholly to Him Who originated the
heavens and the earth, and I am not of the polytheists.”[i]
necessary for him to add: Upon the religion of Ibrahim and the faith of
Muhammad. May Allah bless the religion of Muhammad (a.s)a As some
people have said that whoever recites “Upon the religion of Muhammad”
has committed an innovation as we have not found it the books of prayer.
And only the tradition in the book of Qasim from his grandfather from
Hasan Ibne Rashid is there, that His Eminence, Sadiq (a.s) said to
Hasan: How do you recite the Verse of Tawajjoha Hasan replied: I
say: Labbaik wa Saadaik. Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: My question was not
that. Rather I asked you how you recite the verse:
“Surely I have
turned myself, being upright, wholly to Him Who originated the heavens
and the earth, and I am not of the polytheists.”[ii]
Hasan Said: I recite that only.
Eminence, Sadiq (a.s) said: “When you say thus, after that you must
add: Upon the religion of Ibrahim and the faith of Muhammad and the way
of Ali bin Abi Talib and following the progeny of Muhammad, the upright,
the submissive and we are not from the polytheists. May Allah bless the
religion of Muhammad (a.s).”
the verse of Tawajjoh and saying: “Surely I have turned myself, being
upright, wholly to Him Who…” is not obligatory. It is an emphasized
recommended deed like an unanimous view as no one has opposed it:
I have turned myself, being upright, wholly to Him Who originated the
heavens and the earth, upon the religion of Ibrahim and the faith of
Muhammad and the guidance of Amirul Mo-mineen and I am not of the
polytheists. Surely my prayer and my sacrifice and my life and my death
are (all) for Allah, the Lord of the worlds. No associate has He; and
this am I commanded, and I am the first of those who submit. O Allah
make me among the Muslims. I seek refuge in Allah the All- hearing the
All-knowing from the accursed Shaitan.
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful.”
After that recite the Surah Hamd.
supplications and recitals are recommended practices and are not from
the obligatory rituals of prayers and the Imam (a.s) has explained its
Question 2: After a person completes
reciting the Qunut is it allowed for him to pass his hands over his face
and chesta On the basis of a tradition quoted in this regard, “In fact
the Almighty Allah is much higher than it that He keeps the hands of his
servants empty. Rather He fills them with bounties.” While some of our
scholars have mentioned that it is one of the rituals in prayers.
Reply: To pass the hands over the head and face after Qunut is not permitted in obligatory prayers.
How about the prostration of thanks after obligatory prayers because
some people say that it is an innovation. If it is allowed should it be
performed after the obligatory Magrib Prayer (evening prayer) or after
the Nafila of Maghriba
Reply: “The prostration
of thanks is among the most necessary and proven practices and none says
that prostration is innovation but that he intends to create an
innovation in the religion of Allah. Because the prostration of thanks
is an emphasized recommended deed. And one who considers it an
innovation has not any cognizance of the religion of Allah and religious
jurisprudence.” After the Imam (a.s) denied its innovation he further
“A tradition that says that it must be performed after
Magrib Prayer, which is of three units, or after four units of Nafila.
Because the merit of supplication and Tasbih after obligatory prayer in
relation to supplication after recommended prayer is just like the
superiority of the obligatory prayer over that of the recommended
prayer. And prostration is a supplication and Tasbih, thus it is
preferable that it should be after the obligatory prayer. But even if it
be after the recommended prayer, it is allowed. On the basis of this,
the prostration of thanks is supplication and Tasbih and it is
preferable that it should be performed immediately after the obligatory
prayer. Although it is allowed to be performed after the recommended
Question 4: Some of our brothers
have got new farms and besides them are bad farmlands and non-habitated
lands which hold shares of the ruler. The agents and officials of the
rulers continuously trouble our brothers. In this way the ruler intends
to compel them to purchase the barren lands from him. Though it is said
that the share of the king had been originally an endowment.
Therefore is it allowed to purchase this land from the rulera
It is not lawful to purchase that land except from its owner or by the
permission and order of the owner. And the land which is adjacent to
their farms about which it is not known whether the ruler is its owner
or not, cannot be purchased till they find out its actual owner and buys
it from them.
Other Queries of Muhammad
Muhammad Ibne Abdullah Himyari wrote a letter to His Eminence asking the following questions:
A person is riding on a camel and there is so much of snow that it is
as high as a man and he is afraid to come down and pray. Is it allowed
for him to recite the Prayer on the camel?
If it is necessary there is no problem in it. The condition for praying
the Prayer on the ground is superseded by the difficulty present there
hence praying on the ground is given exemption in this case.
A person joins the congregation prayer when the congregation leader is
in the Ruku (bowing). Would it be counted as one unit for hima As some
of scholars have said that if one has not heard the Takbir of Ruku of
the Imam one must not count it as one unit?
If the follower is able to reach even one recitation of the ruku it
would be counted as one unit. If he does not hear the Takbir of ruku and
joins when the Imam is in the ruku before he raises up his head it
would be counted as one unit and he would get the reward of
Question 3: Do the people of Paradise have children?
Women in Paradise shall not become pregnant and would be free of dirt
and labor and postnatal bleeding. In Paradise all those things are
present that a person desire to have. As the Almighty Allah says. Thus
if a believer desires to have a child the Almighty would create it
without making a woman pregnant just as He had created Adam (a.s).
Question 4: Is it allowed for a man to marry the step daughter of his wifea
If she has been bred in his lap it is not allowed for him. But if she
was not brought up with him and her mother is from another family, it is
narrated that it is lawful for him.
"Step daughter is unlawful
for the husband of her mother. She is like a daughter of this man. In
case the man has married a woman but did not have sexual intercourse
with her and he divorces her or gives up the time (in case of Mutual
Marriage), her daughter is not unlawful for him.
Question 5: The soil of the grave is kept along with the dead body in the grave. Is it permitted?
Reply: It should be kept with the dead body in the grave and it should be mixed in the Hunut [iii], if Allah wills.
is a strong possibility that the soil of the grave is the same soil of
the grave of the chief of the martyrs, the beloved son of the Messenger
of Allah, May Allah bless him and his progeny and peace be upon them,
His Eminence, Imam Husain (a.s).
Question 6: It
is narrated for us that His Eminence, Imam Sadiq (a.s) wrote on the
shroud of his son, Ismail: He witnesses that there is no god except
Allah. Is it allowed to write that with the soil of Imam Husain's grave?
Reply: It is allowed.
Question 7: Is it allowed to recite the rosary of the soil of the grave of the chief of the martyrsa Is there is any special merit in it?
Make Tasbih of it, because nothing is better than it. And of its merits
is that when you forget to recite the Tasbih and only turn about the
beads the reward of reciting the Tasbih will continue to be written for
Question 8: Is it permitted to perform prostration on a piece of clay of the grave of Imam Husain (a.s)a Is there any special merit in it?
Reply: Is it allowed and also has merit.
are commanded that we prostrate on the earth in obedience to Allah and
the mentioned soil and mud is a part of the earth. And the soil of the
grave of the place of the martyrdom of the chief of the youths of
Paradise and the beloved one of the Messenger of Allah, His Eminence,
the chief of the martyrs (a.s) is the most exalted and meritorious piece
of earth. Therefore prostration on soil taken from Kerbala is the most
superior prostration for the Almighty Allah. A faithless group makes
and cowardly attacks on the Shias regarding this and makes false
allegations saying that Shias worship the soil of the grave of Husain
(a.s), although the Shias prostrate to Allah, the Mighty and Sublime, on
a piece of the earth which is most superior one and it is not that they
prostrate for the soil itself.
Question 9: Is
it allowed for a person who goes for the Ziyarat of the graves of the
Holy Imams to prostrate on the gravesa Is it allowed for one to recite
prayers besides the grave of these noble soulsa Is it allowed for him to
stand behind the grave and face the grave like prayer direction (Qibla)
and stand at the head or the feeta And is it allowed to stand before
the grave and recite the prayer while the grave is behind him?
As for prostrating on a grave - whether in supererogatory or obligatory
prayer is not allowed. What is to be done is that you must put your
right cheek on the grave. As for prayer, it is necessary to recite it
behind the grave and to keep the grave in the front. And it is not
allowed to recite the prayer ahead of the grave and it is also not
allowed to recite prayers besides the head or the feet side. It should
be performed either behind the grave or at the head or the feet side but
a little behind and not exactly parallel to the head or the feet.
However there is no problem in reciting it behind the grave. It is
better to recite it at the head side but one should not be parallel to
the head. (One should be a little behind it).
Question 10: Is it allowed for a man to turn the beads of the rosary with his left hand and recite the Tasbih?
Reply: It is allowed. And praise be to Allah the Lord of the Worlds.
Question 11: For a person reciting an obligatory or recommended prayer is it allowed for him to keep the Tasbih with him for counting?
Reply: If he fears he may forget the counting of recitation, it is allowed.
A thing, which is from the endowments to particular persons and if all
of them do not agree to sell it. Is it allowed to purchase from thema Is
it allowed to sell endowed properties?
If the endowment is for the Imams of Muslims its sale is not allowed. If
it is for a group of Muslims and every group that is capable to sell it
they can sell it whether as a group or their own share in it.
Question 13: Is it allowed for a Muhrim,[iv] to use Murtak and Tutiya (fragrant substances) to ward off the smell of his armpits?
Reply: It is allowed and Tawfeeq (divine opportunity) is from the Almighty Allah.
Question 14: A person is an eyewitness to something and later he loses his eyesighta Is his testimony valid?
Reply: If he perfectly remembers the place and time of the incident, it is allowed.
A person has endowed a farm or cattle and he witnesses it in the name
of one of the trustee of the endowment. After that this trustee dies or
his place changes and another man becomes a trustee. Is it allowed for
the new trustee (the representative) to give testimony?
It is not permitted, because the testimony mentioned is not for the
representative. It is for the original owner and the Almighty Allah has
"…and give upright testimony…"[v]
Regarding the last two units of the four-unit prayer some narrations
say that reciting Surah Hamd is preferable and some say that
Tasbihat-e-Arba is better. Which is the preferable option?
The Surah Hamd in those two units (rakats) is abrogated and the saying
of Masoom (a.s) that: "Every prayer in which it is not recited is
incomplete except for the sick person or for one who is very forgetful
which causes the risk of making the prayer invalid," has abrogated the
reciting of Tasbihat-e-Arba'ah.
Among us there is a custom that for pain in throat and cough we take the
paste of walnut. Its detail is as follows: Fresh walnut before it
becomes hard is grinded and then cooked till its volume is halved and
kept aside for 24 hours. After that it is put on fire and for every six
measure, one measure of honey is mixed with it and then boiled. Then dry
ammonia and vitriol is added of one mithqal weight. At this time one
dirham dry saffron is also added to it. Then all of it is boiled and its
froth is removed and it becomes thick like honey. Then it is brought
down from the fire and cooled and then consumed. Is it allowed to drink
Reply: In case it is intoxicating in large or small quantity it is unlawful but if it is non-intoxicating, its consumption is allowed.
A man is facing a decision to do something or not. He picks up two
rings. On one is inscribed, "Do it" and on the other "Don't do it". Then
he seeks good from God and picks up one of them and acts upon it. Is
this lawful action? Can it be said that this is also like Istekhara?
Reply: What the Scholar (a.s) have ruled to be the Istekhara is by lots and prayer.
Question 19: What is the best time for reciting the prayer of Ja'far bin Ali Taliba Does it have a Qunut?
The best time to recite this prayer is on Friday at the time when the
sun has risen. Apart from this it is good to recite it any time of the
days of the week. It has two Qunuts. In the second unit it is recited
before the bowing (ruku) and in the fourth unit it is recited after the
Question 20: A man separates a
part of his money with the intention of giving it to a brother in faith.
Later he learns that some people of his family are needful. In such a
situation should he pay the money to the former or the latter?
Whoever is more religious should be given preference. As the Scholar
(a.s) has said: The Almighty Allah does not accept Sadaqah (giving of
alms) till there remains some needy person in the family. Pay attention,
and distribute it among them so that you obtain the merits of both.
It is narrated from Imam Askari (a.s) that he was asked regarding the
wearing of rabbit skin in prayers. He permitted it. But in another
narration he is reported to have prohibited it. Thus on which report
should we rely?
Reply: If the garment is made of
only the fur of the rabbit it is allowed. But if it is made of rabbit
skin (leather) it is not allowed.
One of the conditions for the
dress of a person who prays is that his garments must not be made from
any part of the body of an animal whose meat is unlawful. That is why
the skin (leather), or its hair or fur and every part of body of every
animal is unlawful to be worn in Prayers. However the religious
jurisprudents have exempted pure silk, which is not mixed with rabbit,
or fox fur is exempted.
Question 22: Some
scholars have reported that Imam Sadiq (a.s) was asked about this and he
replied: Do not pray in the fox or rabbit fur and neither in cloth like
Reply: His Eminence replied: Here it denotes the skin of these animals and not something else.
Question 23: There is a garment in Isfahan, which is decorated with silk. Is prayer valid in it?
Reply: Prayer is not valid except of garments whose yarn is of cotton or linen.
Question 24: Should the wiping of feet be done one after the other or it can be done for both the feet together?
Both can be done together. But if it is done one after the other the
right feet should be wiped before the left. The wiping of the feet
should be done from the tips of the toes till the ankles. It is a part
of ablution and their wiping together is allowed. But if done for one
foot at a time, he should wipe the right feet first.
Question 25: Is it allowed for a person to recite prayer of Ja'far at-Tayyar during a journey?
A person reciting the Tasbih of Her Eminence, Zahra (s.a) recites the
Takbir (Allahu Akbar) more than 34 times. Should he continue with the
Tasbih or restart? If he has uttered it for 67 times what should he doa
Should he start all over again? Please explain what is obligatory in
Reply: If he makes a mistake in
repeating the Takbir and exceeds 34 times he should suffice with it. But
if he recites 67 times he should be content with it. But if "Alhamdo
lillah" is recited more than the stipulated times there is nothing upon
This was a part of that which has reached us from the
Master of the Age and it was the most beautiful and lasting reminder of
the purified Imam (a.s).
[i] - Surah Anam 6:79
[ii] - Surah Anam 6:79
[iii] - Camphor rubbed at the seven prostration points of the body of the dead
[iv] - A person who is performing pilgrimage
[v] - Surah Talaq 65:2
[vi] - Ihtijaj 2/309