The Messenger of Allah (S.A.W):
Whomever Allah has bestowed the knowing and the love of my Ahl al-Bayt
has actually been granted the whole benevolence.
(A.S.): Those who have known Allah and their Imam who is of our Ahl
al-Bayt, has truly known Allah the Almighty and worshipped him.
Addressing al-Imam al-Baqir (A.S.): I humbly ask you to let me know
whether knowing Imams of your household is incumbent on all people. The
Imam (A.S.) replied: Verily, the Almighty Allah appointed Muhammad
(S.A.W.) as His Messenger and Divine Authority (Hujjah) for all his
creatures on earth. So those who believe in Allah and Muhammad (S.A.W.),
the Messenger of Allah, and follow him and approve of him are obliged
to know the Imam among our household.
Salim: I asked al-Imam al-Baqir
(A.S.) about the ayah: Then we have given the Book for inheritance to
our servants as we have chosen: But there are among them some who wrong
their own souls; some who follow a middle course; and some who are, by
Allah's allowance foremost in good deeds (35:52). His Holiness (A.S.)
explained: The one who is foremost in good deeds is the Imam, the one
who follows a middle course is the knower of the Imam, and the one who
wrongs his own soul is the one who does not know the Imam.
al-Sadiq (A.S.) said: We are the ones whose obedience has been made
incumbent by Allah. It is obligatory on people to get to know us and are
not excused otherwise...And anyone who neither gets to know us nor
denies us is misled unless he returns to the guidance that Allah has
made incumbent on him, i.e. necessity of obeying us, and if he dies
misled, Allah will do with him what He wills.
Al-Imam al-Reza (A.S.)
quotes in the Ziarah (visitation to holy shrines) of al-Imams (A.S.):
Salutations to the stations of Divine knowledge... whoever knows them
has known Allah and whoever does not has not known Allah.
The Status of Ahl al-Bayt (A.S.)
Ahl al-Bayt as the Ark of Noah
Messenger of Allah (S.A.W.) said: My Ahl al-Bayt among you are as the
Ark of Noah on which whoever got board was salvaged and whoever missed
it, was thrown into the Fire.
Hanash al-Kinani: I heard Abu Dharr
introducing himsef while holding the door of Ka'ba and saying: I heard
from the Prophet (S.A.W.) say: Lo! My Ahl al-Bayt among you is like the
Ark of Noah among his folk; whoever got on board was salvaged and the
one who left behind was drowned.
Al-Imam Ali (A.S.) said: O Kumail!
Once after saying the evening prayer on mid-Ramadan, the Hoy
Prophet(S.A.W.) told me while standing on his feet upon the Minbar
(Pulpit) with the Muhajirin (emigrants) and the Ansars (the helpers)
gathered around: Ali(A.S.) and my two grandsons from him who are
immaculate are me [my light] and I am of them; they are pure, only
second to their mother; they are as an Ark, whoever gets on board will
be rescued and the one who misses it will fall down, the savaged will
abide in Paradise and the one left behind will fall into the Fire.
Ahl al-Bayt as Bab Hittah
The messenger of Allah (S.A.W.) said: My Ahl al-Bayt among you are as Bab Hittah (the Gate of Hittah) among Sons of Israel.
Whoever enters through it will be absolved.
Ali (A.S.): We are the Bab Hittah, and that is the Bab al-Salam,
whoever enters through it will be absolved and whoever passes it by will
Al-Imam Ali (A.S.) said: Lo! The knowledge which
Adam brought down and whatever the prophets - up to their last one - are
preferred, lies in the Itrat (progeny) of the last of the prophets and
messengers. Where are you, then, misled to and wandering about?
[the Itrat] are among you as the "The People of the Cave" and as the Bab
Hittah. They are the Gates to safety. Allah says: O ye who believe!
Enter into Islam wholeheartedly; and do not follow the footsteps of the
Ahl al-Bayt as the House of Allah
The Messenger of Allah
(S.A.W.) to Ali ibn Abi Talib(A.S.): O Ali You are like Allah's house
of sanctity, whoever enters will be secured. So, whoever loves and
advocates you will be secure from the Fire and whoever expresses hatred
at you will be cast in the Fire.
O Ali, "Pilgrimage is a duty men owe
to Allah-those who can afford the Journey,"(3:97), then, those who are
excused have their excuse; those who are short of provisions, are
excused for having little provision; and those who are sick are excused
for their sickness.
However Allah will neither excuse the rich, the
poor, the sick nor the healthy, and neither the blind nor the seeing for
their negligence of advocating and loving you.
The Ahl al-Bayt(A.S.) as the Stars
Messenger of Allah (S.A.W.): They (my Ahl al-Bayt) among my Ummah are
like the stars in the sky, when one of them disappears another will
emerge. They are Imams, guiding and guided. Neither hatred of the
hateful toward them will harm them, nor will withdrawal of assistance by
those who refuse their assistance; but Allah will inflict harm on those
who harbor hatred toward them and refuse assistance to them. They are
Allah's proofs and authorities on earth and His witnesses to creatures;
whoever takes their commands has taken Allah's commands and whoever is
disobedient to them has disobeyed Allah. They are with the Qur'an and
the Qur'an is with them. Neither they will be separated from the Qur'an
nor the Qur'an will be separated from them until they join me by the
Hawd (the pond) of Kawthar. The first Imam is my brother Ali (A.S.) who
is best of them, then my son al-Hasan (A.S.) and after him my son
al-Husayn(A.S.) followed by nine of al-Husayn's(A.S.) sons.
a-Sadiq (A.S.): There exists no Alim (scholar) who dies leaving behind a
successor, except us. That is, whenever an Alim departs from among us,
another one will appear to take his position.We are as stars in the sky.
Ahl al-Bayt(A.S.) as the Two Eyes
Messenger of Allah (S.A.W.): Consider my Ahl al-Bayt as head to the
body and the two eyes to the head; for the body will not find the way
without the head and the head will not be guided without the eyes.
Warning against Not Knowing the Ahl al- Bayt(A.S.)
Messenger of Allah (S.A.W.): Whoever dies without [having] an Imam, he
dies like the ones who died in pre-Islamic paganism (Jahiliyyah).
The Messenger of Allah (S.A.W.): He who dies without having a pledge on him, (has died) as in pre-Islamic Paganism.
Isa ibn Sarri: I said to al-Imam al-Sadiq (A.S.): Make me aware of what
the foundations of Islam are based on, to which if I cling, my deeds
will be purified and ignorance will not harm me.
Al-Imam (A.S.) said:
Profession to La ilaha illa - Allah Muhammadan Rasul Allah(there is no
god but Allah and Muhammad (S.A.W.) is the Messenger of Allah) and to
what is sent to him by Allah and that there are shares in your
possessions for Zakat (poor alms) as well as walaya of the family of
Muhammad (S.A.W.) ordered by Allah the Almighty. The Messenger of Allah
(S.A.W.) has said: Whoever dies, without knowing his Imam has died as in
pre-Islamic paganism. Allah says: Obey Allah, and obey the Messenger
and those charged with authority among you (4:59). So, Ali (A.S.) is the
Imam and after him is Hasan(A.S.), then Husayn (A.S.), and then
followed by Ali ibn al-Husayn(A.S.), then Muhammad ibn Ali(A.S.) and so
forth. The earth will not be in proper order except with the existence
of an Imam and whoever died not knowing his Imam he has died as in
Al-Imam al- Baqir(A.S.): Anyone among this
Ummah who dies and has no distinct about Just Imam sent to him by the
Exalted and Almighty Allah, he has died in Kufr, disbelief and
Imam Reza (A.S.): Everyone who dies and does not know them-the Ahl al-Bayt (A.S.)- has died as in pre-Islamic paganism.
al-Kafi /vol I/ 376, vol V/ 371, vol II/ 378, vol I/ 397, vol VIII/ 146/123.
a-Mahasin / vol I / 251
al- Bihar / vol XXIII / 76
Ahl al-Bayt (A.S.) in the Holy Qur'an and Hadith
By Ayatullah Muhammadi Rayshahri