If we turn the pages of history we
will find numerous examples of personalities who have enlivened Islam
through their sacrifices of life and wealth. One such personality is Abu
Abdullah Muhammad Haaris Akbari famous as Shaikh Mufeed (r.a.). Mufeed
implies the one who benefits others. He was born approximately seven
years after the commencement of Ghaibat-e-Kubra in the month of Zilqad,
336 A.H. in the north of Baghdad.
Mufeed (r.a.) with the help of his vast knowledge passed through
various difficulties and welcomed all the obstacles that came his way
with a smile. He sipped real recognition from the ocean of Wilayat and
quenched the thirst of the followers of Wilayat. He was attached to the
infallible Imam (a.s.) and the Shias benefited immensely from him. This
man of medium height and wheatish complexion had a ready solution for
problems of a religious, ethical and social nature. It is because of
this that he had become a thorn in the eyes of his opponents.
At the age
of 40 years, he shouldered the great responsibility of defending the
Shiite creed. It was an era when Greek and Hindu philosophies were
rupturing the fabric of traditional Islam. Twisted beliefs and concocted
views were finding their way into the realm of Islam. The enemies of
Allah had prepared the groundwork to extinguish the light of truth. In
such a situation, how could the one who was given the title of 'Mufeed'
by Imam Zamana (a.t.f.s.) and who was the fifth descendant of Janabe
Saeed b. Jubair (a companion of Imam Baqir (a.s.)) sit quiet while
ignorance and deviation were raising their heads and corrupt beliefs and
views were gaining ascendancy as were the Sufis seated in their
shelters (Khaneqaa)? Expectedly, he lived up to his title 'Mufeed' and
with the help of Allah and His Proof (Hujjat) he laid low the false,
corrupt beliefs and nonsensical philosophies through his penetrative
writings, teachings and training of students for debates.
rescued the people from deviation and invited them towards the religion
of Allah which was manifested through the teachings of Ahlul Bait
(a.s.). In this manner many deviated sects received guidance. May be
this was the reason why Imam Mahdi (a.t.f.s.) called him 'Mufeed' as he
was a helper for Imam (a.t.f.s.) and a source of joy for people. The
above possibility is proved through various Tawqees (signed letters)
from Imam (a.t.f.s.) to Shaikh Mufeed (r.a.).
have we ever pondered why Imam (a.t.f.s.) referred to him by the title
'Mufeed'? Why he received so many letters from Imam (a.t.f.s.)? Why Imam
(a.t.f.s.) in his letter remembers Shaikh Mufeed (r.a.) respectfully
and calls him as his 'sincere friend'?
The answers to these questions manifest for us the remarkable personality of Shaikh Mufeed (r.a.).
respect of Imam (a.t.f.s.) for Shaikh Mufeed (r.a.) was the result of
his memorable services for which he surrendered his entire existence.
For the satisfaction of the Imam of his time, he willingly accepted all
the difficulties so as to be enumerated among his (a.t.f.s.) servants.
He was engulfed in his love for Imam (a.t.f.s.) in such a way that the
flames of this attachment killed his desire for the world and its
Tankaabuni (r.a.) has recorded a Tawqi which is based on a strange
incident. Over here we have extracted only the relevant portion from the
incident. Marhum Tankaabuni narrates, "A person from the suburbs of
Baghdad approached Shaikh Mufeed (r.a.) to seek the solution of a vexing
problem. He asked, "A pregnant woman has expired but her child is alive
in the womb, what do you say? Should the foetus be removed through
surgery or be buried along with the woman?'"
Mufeed (r.a.) replied, "Bury the mother along with the foetus." On
getting the reply, the man left for his village. On the way, a horse
rider crossed his path. He asked the man to halt and said, 'Shaikh
Mufeed (r.a.) has said that the foetus should be removed from the womb
through surgery and then the woman be buried alone.'"
The person accepted it and acted on it.
some time, the man came to Baghdad and narrated the incident to Shaikh
Mufeed (r.a.). Shaikh Mufeed (r.a.) said, 'I did not send anybody with
this edict. It seems that the person was Imam-e-Asr (a.t.f.s.) (who gave
the edict)'. Shaikh Mufeed (r.a.) says, "After this (wrong edict) I am
not capable of giving edicts and undertaking the responsibility of
Marjaeyyat. After that day I closed the doors of my house and told the
people to no longer seek solutions of their problems from me. It was not
long before I received a letter from Imam (a.t.f.s.) in which he
"You give edicts, we will save you from mistakes and errors. We will not desert you to commit mistakes.'"
this manner, Shaikh Mufeed (r.a.) by the order of Imam (a.t.f.s.)
shouldered the responsibility of Marjaeyyat and recommenced solving the
problems of the people.
At the end we
can only beseech our beloved Imam - O son of Prophet! O son of Zahra!
We lack the spirituality of Shaikh Mufeed (r.a.). We do not love you
with the same intensity. On the contrary, we are immersed in sins from
head to toe. Help us to love you. O our Master! Help us, look at us, to
enable us toe walk on the Straight Path.
Allah! For the sake of Muhammed and his progeny (a.s.), hasten the
reappearance of the last inheritor of religion (a.t.f.s.). Aameen!